Here is a handy script I’ve been using for MongoDB to retrieve a list of all the fields used in a collection. This uses a map/reduce routine and has to comb over all the documents in a collection so you may want to exercise caution when using this script.

// usage:
// mongo localhost/foo --quiet --eval="var collection='bar';" getcollectionkeys.js
var mr = db.runCommand({
  "mapreduce":collection,
  "map":function() {
    for (var key in this) { emit(key, null); }
  },
  "reduce":function(key, stuff) { return null; }, 
  "out":collection + "_keys"
})

print(db[mr.result].distinct("_id"))

db[collection+"_keys"].drop()

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